Mario Cresci (Chiavari, 1942) - ITA
A unique artist and photographer, was one of the first of his generation to apply and unite the culture of projects with experimentation in visual languages.
His complex work became rooted in multidisciplinary studies starting in 1964, the year he started to attend the upper-level course in Industrial Design in Venice. In 1968 he moved to Rome, where he came into contact with Pascali, Mattiacci and Kounellis. He photographed Boetti and Turin’s Arte Povera group during the set-up of the exhibition entitled “Il percorso”, curated by Mara Coccia at the Studio Arco d’Alibert. In 1969, at the Galleria Il Diaframma in Milan, he designed and staged the first photographic Environnement in Europe, in the name of the dualism between wealth and poverty.
He won the Niépce Prize for Italy in 1967 and took part in the Venice Biennale a number of times (1970, 1978, 1993, 1995); since 1974, some of his photographs, along with those of Luigi Ghirri, have been part of the MoMA collection in New York.
Starting in the Seventies, he blended the study of photographic language with the project concept, showing an interest in cultural anthropology, and in Basilicata he executed projects that were central for the development of photography in Italy, among which the book Matera, immagini e documenti, published in 1975.
Cresci is the author of multiform works characterized by freedom of research through drawing, photography, the video experience and installation. Cresci developed various themes and types of experimentation in his works over the years: from shifts in meaning to variations, analogies, and the relationship with the landscape and places of art, such as the site-specific works pertaining to his research in recent years, stemming from an organic comparison with certain places and their unique historical, cultural and aesthetic aspects. In fact, for Cresci photography is never an end to itself, singular and self-sufficient, but is always part of a story in images that can bring together knowledge and beauty, field research and visual emotion.
The experimental project of the workshop-artistic training school with art, multimedia and design, conceived for the Region of Basilicata, brought him closer and closer to teaching, which, starting in the late Seventies, became an integral part of his work as an artist.
He directed the Accademia di Belle Arti G. Carrara from 1991 until 1999, and his interdisciplinary programming included numerous cultural activities dedicated to young artists, such as “Arte & Impresa”, “Cloroﬁlla” and “Accademie in Europa”, in collaboration with GAMeC in Bergamo.
Cresci taught at the Politecnico di Milano, the University of Naples – L’Orientale, the Department of Humanities in Parma, the IED and NABA in Milan. Between 2004 and 2011 he also taught the two-year specialization programme in photography at the Accademia di Brera in Milan and at the Fondazione Fotografia in Modena.. Currently, he teaches at ISIA University in Urbino. For a number of years he was visiting professor at the École d’Arts Appliqués in Vevey (Switzerland).
The re-establishment of the sense of landscape and construction of the photographic image made him one of the key artists in the “Viaggio in Italia” exhibition that Luigi Ghirri organized at the Pinacoteca Provinciale in Bari in 1984.
His most important exhibitions include the anthological exhibition “Le case della Fotografia, 1966–2003” at the Galleria Civica d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea in Turin (2004); the travelling project entitled “Forse Fotografia” at the Pinacoteca Nazionale in Bologna, the Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica in Rome and the Palazzo Lanfranchi in Matera (2010–12); “Ex-post. Orizzonti momentanei” at the Museo d’Arte in Gallarate (2014); the two shows “In aliam figuram mutare” at the Castello Sforzesco in Milan and “Mario Cresci. Ri-Creazioni” at Camera in Turin (2016) and The Photography of No at the Galleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea in Bergamo (i2017), where he displays fifty years of work by orienting the exhibition's itinerary on the reading of some of the main themes that unite most of his projects.
He has published numerous essays and articles, particularly for the culture insert of the newspaper "Il Sole 24 Ore." His production of books and more generally of contributions, including theoretical ones, on photography and visual communication is extensive and articulate. In 2019 he published Migrating Signs. Stories of graphics and photography, a compendium of his research and Prix Livre Histororique at Les Rencontres de la Photographie 2020 in Arles.
Recently for Mimesis Editions he published Matrici. L'incertezza del vero, where he experiments with the coexistence of writing and image: 80 doodles re-drawing photographs made from the late 1960s to the present. He lives and works in Bergamo.